Darkness to Light Home Page

Additional Books and eBooks by the Director

Why Are These Books in the Bible and Not Others?

Volume One

A Translator’s Perspective on the Canon of the Old Testament

Book and eBook by Gary F. Zeolla, the Director of Darkness to Light ministry

This Volume One of a three volume set studies the books included in the Old Testament (OT) and considers other books that could have been included in it but were not. Each of the 39 books in the OT are reviewed in detail, and it is explained why they were included in the OT. Then the debate about the “extra” books found in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Bibles as compared to Protestant and Jewish Bibles is addressed. Lastly, other books that some wonder why they are not included in the OT are discussed. It is explained why these books were rejected.


Available Formats

Amazon:

Kindle Reading Device eBook: $3.99. Order and download from Amazon.

Paperback: 372 pages (6" x 9" pages). $13.95. Order from Amazon via their website: Amazon.

Hardback: 372 pages (6" x 9" pages). $21.75. Order from Amazon via their website: Amazon.

 

Lulu Publishing:

Acrobat Reader® (PDF) eBook: 349 pages. 2,685 KB. $4.25. Purchase and download from the publisher via their Web site: Lulu Publishing.

ePUB for Adobe Digital Editions Format (for iPad, Nook, etc). 325 KB. $4.50. Order and download from Lulu Publishing.

Paperback: 372  pages (6" x 9" pages). $13.99. Order from the publisher via their Web site: Lulu Publishing.

Hardback: 372 pages (6" x 9" pages). $21.99. Order from the publisher via their Web site: Lulu Publishing.


Notes:

Different formats and publishers might have different covers, but the content is the same in all of them.

This version of this book published in 2023 is a corrected text, not a full new edition. Only minor corrections have been made, plus the cover and appendixes have been updated.

The links to Amazon are advertising links, for which I receive a commission in addition to my royalty if a product is purchased after following the link.


The Three Volumes

Why Are These Books in the Bible and Not Others?: Volume One - A Translator’s Perspective on the Canon of the Old Testament

Why Are These Books in the Bible and Not Others?: Volume Two - A Translator’s Perspective on the Canon of the New Testament

Why Are These Books in the Bible and Not Others?: Volume Three - The Apostolic Fathers and the New Testament Apocrypha


Readers

Download the free PDF Reader (Acrobat Reader®)

Purchase the Kindle Wireless Reading Device


Preview

  Introductory Pages

Table of Contents

 [Page numbers refer to the hardcopy versions]

Introductory Pages: ……………….………………..  5

Preface ………...………………………………..……. 7

Analytical-Literal Translation …………………..……… 8

Old Testament Texts ………………………………….. 9

Hebrews, Israelites, Jews ……………………………. 10

Terminology Notes …………………………………..  11

Biblical Chronology …………..……………………… 12

Abbreviations and Other Notes ……………………… 13

 

 

Books in the Old Testament: ……………………… 19

1 – Overview of the Old Testament Canon ...…………  21

2 – The Torah ...……………………………………… 37

3 – The Historical Books ………………………..……  67

4 – The Poetic Books ..……………………………… 119

5 – The Major Prophetic Books ……………………..  145

6 – The Minor Prophetic Books ……………………... 175

7 – Summary So Far ……………………………....... 199

 

 

Books Not in the Old Testament: ………………....  201

8 – Introduction to A/D Books ...…………………….  203

9 – Catholic A/D Books ...…………………………...  215

10 – Eastern Orthodox A/D Books ………………….  259

11 – OT Orthodox Pseudepigraphal Books …………  283

12 – OT Heretical Pseudepigraphal Books ………….  323

13 – Conclusion to the Canon of the OT ……………. 343

 

Appendixes ……………………………………….. 345

1 – Bibliography ……………………………....……. 347

2 – Additional Books by the Author ………………… 355

3 – Author’s Websites, Newsletters, and Social Sites/

        Contacting the Author ………………………… 369

 

Preface

      Christians claim the Bible is the Word of God, that it is the final authority in all matters relating to Christian faith and practice, and that it is absolutely reliable in all that it teaches. But to put such confidence in the Bible requires that the correct books are in the Bible. But is there? Why are the 66 books in the Bible in the Bible, and why were other books that could have been included not included?

      This subject is very important but also complicated, so complicated that it will take three volumes to fully cover it. This Volume One will study the books included in the Old Testament (OT) and consider other books that could have been included in it but were not. Volume Two will cover the books included in the New Testament (NT). Volume Three will look at the writings of the Apostolic Fathers, some of which were seriously considered for inclusion in the NT. It will also investigate other writings that many wonder why they are not included in the NT.

      In this first volume, each of the 39 books included in the OT will be reviewed in detail. Who wrote them and when, their theology, and other pertinent background information will be discussed to explain why they are included in the OT.

      Then the Apocryphal/ Deuterocanonical Books will be considered. These are the “extra” books found in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Bibles as compared to Protestant and Jewish Bibles. The debate over them will be addressed in detail.

      Lastly, other books that some wonder why they are not included in the OT will be addressed. It will be explained why these books were rejected.

      The author is the translator of the Analytical-Literal Translation of the Bible. The ALT consists of translations of the Old Testament Greek Septuagint, the Apocryphal/ Deuterocanonical Books, the New Testament Greek Majority Text, and the Apostolic Fathers. He is thus very familiar with all of the books to be discussed in this three volume set, having translated most of them. He is also the author of many other books related to the Bible. Working on this distinct translation of the Bible and these other Bible-based books gives the author a unique perspective on these topics.

Biblical Chronology

       This chronology is based on Biblical statements and correlation of Biblical events with the known dates for secular historical events. It also includes other important events for this study. Some dates are approximate.

B.C.
2166 – Birth of Abram/ Abraham
2066 – Birth of Isaac
2006 – Birth of Jacob/ Israel and Esau
1991 – Death of Abraham
1916 – Birth of Joseph
1899 – Joseph sold into slavery into Egypt
1876 – Jacob/ Israel and his family migrate to Egypt
1806 – Death of Joseph
1526 – Birth of Moses
1446 – The Exodus of the Hebrews out of Egypt
1406 – Entrance of the Hebrews into the Promised Land
1400-1100 – Period of the Judges
1100 – Beginning of Samuel’s ministry
1052 – Reign of Saul begins
1010 – Reign of David begins
970 – Reign of Solomon begins
931 – Split into Northern and Southern Kingdoms
722 – Fall of Israel to Assyria
605 – Daniel and other Jews taken captive to Babylon
597 – Zedekiah and other Jews taken
captive to Babylon
586 – Destruction of the temple and Jerusalem
537 – Cyrus’ decree for Jews for return to Jerusalem
430 – End of Nehemiah and thus of the OT narrative
420 – Malachi; last book of the Old Testament
336-323 – Reign of Alexander the Great
300-200 – Translation of the Septuagint
250 BC to 70 AD – Dead Sea Scrolls written
175-134 – Maccabean period
146 – Greece made into a province of the Roman Empire
63 – Romans under Pompey conquer Jerusalem/ occupy Judea
4 – Birth of Jesus


The above Book Preview was posted on this site October 29, 2016.
It was last updated January 2, 2024.

  Additional Books and eBooks by the Director

  Subject Index      Contact Information
Alphabetical List of Pages


Darkness to Light Home Page
www.zeolla.org/christian